Maya Prehistory and Caracol
1200 B.C.-250 A.D.
Preclassic small sedentary villages followed by development of monumentality and larger centers.
ca. 600-900 B.C.
Earliest known habitation at Caracol.
ca. A.D. 41
Structure A6-1st, “Temple of the Wooden Lintel,” constructed and consecrated; full Maya ritual complex present at Caracol.
ca. A.D. 150
Elaborate burial placed in Structure B34 locus.
Classic “Peak” of Maya civilization; pyramids, tombs, inscriptions, widespread trade; by A.D. 800 Maya “collapse” is underway.
Caracol Royal dynasty “officially” founded.
ca. A.D. 480
Unknown ruler’s tomb placed in Structure D16.
Accession of Lord Water’s predecessor.
Use of initial tomb in Structure B20-3rd.
Accession of Caracol Ruler Lord Water.
“Axe-Event” involving Tikal.
“Star-War” defeat of Tikal by Caracol.
Birth of Smoke Ahau.
One of three tombs in Structure B20-2nd used.
A.D. 577 or 582
Front tomb in Structure A34 consecrated.
Birth of Caracol Ruler Kan II.
Accession of Caracol Lord Smoke Ahau.
Tomb in Structure L3-2nd covered.
Accession of Kan II.
Naranjo wars; major expansion of Caracol follows.
Woman’s tomb in Structure B19-2nd closed.
Accession of Caracol Ruler Smoke Skull; Death of Kan II.
Naranjo’s war of independence.
Tomb in Structure A3-1st covered.
Capture of Ixkun lord noted on Stela 21.
Capture of 3 prisoners, including Ucanal lord, by Caracol Ruler Hok K’awil or his underlings.
Last recorded date at Caracol on Altar 26.
Postclassic Most major sites located away from Classic Period centers, but near water. Sites are generally characterized by low-lying as opposed to monumental architecture.
ca. A.D. 950
Last use of Caracol Structures A6 and A31; Caracol totally abandoned.
“Historic” Europeans arrive in the New World; most native Maya populations disseminated by disease; others disrupted by warfare and forced population movements. Native populations still comprise over 50% of Guatemala and Yucatan.
*Timeline revised from A. Chase & D. Chase 1996; D. Chase & A. Chase 2017